A healthy cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface of your eye, is normally round. Keratoconus causes the corneal tissue to thin and bulge outward into a cone shape. This eye disease can cause progressive nearsightedness, irregular astigmatism, distorted vision, and problems with glare or light sensitivity. Because this is a progressive disease, it will only worsen if you do not seek treatment. Dr. David Masihdas provides effective keratoconus treatment options for patients in the Salt Lake City, UT, area. If you have noticed that your vision is deteriorating rapidly or have a newfound sensitivity to light, please contact our office to schedule a consultation with Dr. Masihdas.
Although the exact cause of keratoconus is unknown, new research suggests that an imbalance of enzymes within the cornea can lead to a weakening of the corneal tissue. As a result of this imbalance, the cornea becomes more vulnerable to the damaging oxidative effects of free radicals within the body. This can cause the cornea to take on a characteristic bulging cone shape. Additionally, keratoconus is more common in patients who excessively rub their eyes, as well as improperly fitting contact lenses, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun, chronic eye irritation, and certain retinal conditions.
Keratoconus is known to have a genetic link, so if you have a family history of the condition you have a greater risk for developing it. Patients with certain conditions like Down's syndrome, Leber's congenital amaurosis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, or osteogenesis imperfecta, may also be at a higher risk for developing keratoconus.
If keratoconus is caught early on, eyeglasses or soft contact lenses can help. As the disease progresses and worsens, more extensive treatment may be required to provide adequate vision correction:
If more conservative treatment options fail to provide sufficient relief, corneal transplant may be recommended as a last resort.
Dr. Masihdas is at the forefront of treatment innovations for keratoconus and other eye conditions. If you have a family history of keratoconus or have noticed any troubling symptoms, please contact us to make an appointment at our office.
Monthly Health Tip
Diabetic eye disease is the leading cause of blindness among adults. For that reason, we recommend that anyone with or at risk for diabetes have a comprehensive, dilated eye examination at least once a year. Early detection and treatment are the key to maintain healthy vision.